Identifying the Little Horn

(page 91 of Standard Edition)
Identifying the Little Horn
For centuries, the Protestant reformers identified the little-horn
power of Daniel 7 and in Daniel 8 as the Roman church. Why?
Read Daniel 7:1–25 and Daniel 8:1–13. What are the common charac-
teristics of the little horn in both chapters? How can we identify it?

There are seven common characteristics between the little horns of
Daniel 7 and Daniel 8: (1) both are described as a horn; (2) both are per-
secuting powers (Dan. 7:21, 25; Dan. 8:10, 24); (3) both are self-exalting
and blasphemous (Dan. 7:8, 20, 25; Dan. 8:10, 11, 25); (4) both target
God’s people (Dan. 7:25, Dan. 8:24); (5) both have aspects of their activity
delineated by prophetic time (Dan. 7:25; Dan. 8:13, 14); (6) both extend
until the end of time (Dan. 7:25, 26; Dan. 8:17, 19); and (7) both are to be
supernaturally destroyed (Dan. 7:11, 26; Dan. 8:25).
History identifies the first kingdom as Babylon (Dan. 2:38), the sec-
ond as Media-Persia (Daniel 8:20), and the third as Greece (Dan. 8:21).
History is unequivocal that after these world empires comes Rome.
In Daniel 2, the iron representing Rome continues into the feet of iron
mixed with clay; that is, until the end of time. The little horn of Daniel 7
comes forth from the fourth beast but remains part of this fourth beast.
What power came out of Rome and continues its politico-religious influ-
ence for at least 1,260 years (see Dan. 7:25)? Only one power fits history
and prophecy—the papacy. The papacy came into power among the 10
barbarian tribes of Europe and uprooted three of them (Dan. 7:24). The
papacy was “ ‘ “different from the previous ones” ’ ” (Dan. 7:24, NASB),
indicating its uniqueness compared to the other tribes. The papacy spoke
“ ‘ “pompous words against the Most High” ’ ” (Dan. 7:25, NKJV) and
“exalted himself as high as the Prince of the host” (Dan. 8:11, NKJV)
by usurping the role of Jesus and replacing it with the pope. The papacy
fulfilled the prediction of persecuting “ ‘ “the saints of the Most High” ’ ”
(Dan. 7:25, NKJV) and casting down “some of the host” (Dan 8:10, NKJV)
during the Counter-Reformation, when Protestants were slaughtered. The
papacy sought “ ‘ “to change times and law” ’ ” (Dan. 7:25, NKJV) by
removing the second commandment and changing the Sabbath to Sunday.
In Daniel 2, Daniel 7, and Daniel 8, after Greece, one power arises
that exists to the end of time. What power could that be other
than Rome, now in its papal stage? No matter how politically
incorrect, why is this a crucial teaching of the three angels’ mes-
sages, and hence, a crucial component of present truth?
TuesdayJune 9

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