(page 92 of Standard Edition)
The Investigative Judgment
The prophetic outline studied this week has found overwhelming
support among Protestant historicists since the Reformation. But it was
not until the Millerite movement in the early 1800s that the 2,300 days
and the investigative judgment were carefully reconsidered and studied.
Look at the following chart:
Daniel 7Daniel 8
Media-Persia (bear)Media-Persia (ram)
Greece (leopard)Greece (he-goat)
Pagan Rome (fourth beast)Pagan Rome
(horn moves horizontally)
Papal Rome (little horn)Papal Rome
(horn moves vertically)
Read Daniel 7:9–14 and Daniel 8:14, 26. What is happening in heaven
as depicted in these texts?
After the period of medieval persecution, which ended in 1798 with the
capture and imprisonment of the pope by Napoleon’s General Berthier
(Rev. 13:3), Daniel 7 and 8 speak of judgment. The judgment is to take
place in heaven where “ ‘the court was seated’ ” (Dan. 7:10, NKJV) and
“ ‘One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven . . . came
to the Ancient of Days’ ” (Dan. 7:13, NKJV). This is a judgment scene that
occurs after 1798 and before the second coming of Jesus.
This judgment scene in Daniel 7 is directly parallel to the cleansing
of the sanctuary in Daniel 8:14. They are talking about the same thing.
According to Daniel 8:14, the time of this “cleansing of the sanctuary,”
which is Day of Atonement terminology, is 2,300 evening-mornings, or
days. With the year-day principle, these days represent 2,300 years.
The starting point of the 2,300 years is found in Daniel 9:24, in which
the 70-week (490 year) prophecy is chatak, or “cut off,” from the 2,300-
day vision (Dan. 9:24). In fact, many scholars correctly see the 2,300-day
(year) prophecy of Daniel 8:14 and the 70-week prophecy (490-years)
of Daniel 9:24–27 as two parts of one prophecy. The next verse in the
70-week prophecy, Daniel 9:25, gives the beginning of the time period,
“ ‘from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem’ ”
(NKJV). The date for this event is “the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king”
(Ezra 7:7), or 457 b.c. Counting forward 2,300 years, we come to 1844,
which is not long after 1798 and before the second coming of Jesus. This
is when Jesus entered into the Most Holy and began His work of interces-
sion, of cleansing the heavenly sanctuary. See the chart in Friday’s study.